The health of your gums is crucial in preventing oral and general health issues such as cardiovascular diseases. One of the diseases that affect your gums is periodontitis. Periodontitis is a gum infection caused by bacteria that have accumulated in your gums.
This disease progresses in four stages.
The signs and symptoms of periodontitis depend on stages, but the general symptoms include:
The major cause of periodontal diseases is the accumulation of tartar and plaque on your gums. Poor oral hygiene leads to the collection of tartar and plaque, offering habitats for harmful bacteria.
Before a periodontal treatment in Spring, TX, your dentist will carry out some examinations. However, if you visit a dentist regularly, your dentist will be able to detect signs of periodontal infections in their early stages.
Your dentist can use a tiny ruler known as a probe to measure pockets in your gums. The test is painless. Therefore, you do not have to panic. If he or she finds plaque or tartar in the pockets, the dentist will remove the substances as part of professional cleaning. Your dentist can perform dental x-rays and recommend treatment.
For patients that need periodontal treatment in 77379 Spring, TX, Dr. Paul Graf DDS will recommend a treatment procedure depending on your condition. Periodontal treatments aim to clean and remove plaque, tartar, and bacterial deposits from your gums.
The treatments can either be surgical or non-surgical.
The dentist will recommend non-surgical treatments if the disease isn’t advanced. Most of the procedures are non-invasive and are relatively painless. These procedures include:
When performing this procedure, the dentist removes bacterial deposits and tartar from the surfaces of your teeth. Your dentist uses some instruments, an ultrasonic device, or a laser.
When your dentist or periodontist performs root planning, your teeth roots smoothen, discouraging tartar, and bacterial build-up. During the procedure, there is the elimination of bacterial by-products that contribute to inflammations.
Use of Antibiotics
Dentists recommend oral or topical antibiotics to control bacterial infections. Topical antibiotics might include mouth rinses or gels. However, oral antibiotics are still necessary to eliminate the infection.
If you have advanced periodontitis, your dentist will recommend surgical treatments. Some of the surgical treatment procedures include:
Pocket Reduction Surgery
During this procedure, your dentist or oral surgeon makes small incisions on your gum so as the gum sections are lifted back in place. Once the gums are in place, they expose the tooth’s root for easier scaling and root planing. The dentist might re-contour the damaged bone, before suturing back the gum.
Soft Tissue Grafting
Since your gum recedes, some tissue will require reinforcement. During the procedure, your dentist will remove some tissue from the roof of your mouth. He or she will then attach it to the affected area to prevent further receding.
Your dentist will recommend this procedure if the bone around the infected area is damaged. The bone may be fragments of your own, synthetic, or donated. The graft will hold your tooth in place, preventing tooth loss.
Other surgical procures are: